Aaron V. Shukla, PhD, COMT has designed Clinical Optics Primer for Ophthalmic Medical Personnel to include everyday examples that may be directly applied to clinical work. Each chapter throughout the text explains one optics concept in a concise account and includes applicable illustrations, formulae, laws, calculations, and review questions. Numerous examples of clinical applications are also included that address problems presented by patients in eye clinics.
Some important laws of optics and their clinical applications covered:
- Lasers, polarization interference, and fluorescence
- Snell’s law
- Total internal reflection
- Vergence equation
- Power of prisms
- Optical system of the eye
- Accommodation and age
- Refractive errors
- Prentice’s Rule, decentration and induced prism
- Glasses and contact lenses
About the Editors
Aaron Shukla was born and raised in Lucknow, India, a state capital in the north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. With forebears in medicine, he was keen on a medical career. As an undergraduate in Lucknow University, he also became interested in geology, mineralogy, and crystallography, and thus pursued both majors.
He arrived in the United States in 1974, earning a master’s degree in geology from Princeton University in New Jersey, and a doctorate in 1980 from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in New York State. Subsequently, he worked as a senior geologist for Texaco in Houston, TX. While there, his work interests included geochemistry, mineralogy, and using polarized light and electron beams to interpret changes in petroleum rocks and sediments that produce pore spaces in which oil and gas can accumulate. He was particularly interested in using optics and light phenomena for mineralogy.
But, the embers of medical interests continued to smolder!
In 1996, he graduated with honors from Portland Community College, Portland, OR, earning an associate of applied science degree in ophthalmic medical technology. From there he started on the long road to acquiring experiences and expertise as a COT, then as a COMT, in clinic and surgery. Of particular interest were optics, strabismus, visual fields, neuro-ophthalmology, and pediatric ophthalmology.
In 2000, Dr. Shukla joined the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (UAMS), Little Rock, AR. As an assistant professor at UAMS, he was the founding chairman of the Department of Ophthalmic Technologies and its technologist-level education program for the College of Health Related Professions and The Harvey and Bernice Jones Eye Institute of the Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine. The technologist program earned its initial accreditation in 2004 and is continuing with great success. The graduates of that program became the first COMTs in Arkansas.
Successes in Arkansas brought opportunities, and in 2004, Dr. Shukla joined the Joint Commission on Allied Health Personnel in Ophthalmology (JCAHPO) as its founding director of program and services. At JCAHPO, he was instrumental in developing the Learning Systems, the interactive DVD for ophthalmic medical personnel (OMP) interested in learning keratometry, tonometry, lensometry, visual fields, ocular motility, retinoscopy, and refinement. These modules are also of critical use in preparing for JCAHPO’s COT Skill Test for certification.
In 2005, he joined Eye Care Associates, P.A., Minneapolis, MN, as its director of education, while also providing services as a COMT.
In 2006, Dr. Shukla joined St. Catherine University as an associate professor and founding program director of the Ophthalmic Technician Program—a technician-level education program.
Dr. Shukla has been a volunteer faculty member for JCAHPO and Association of Technical Personnel in Ophthalmology (ATPO) since 1996, giving lectures and workshops at annual and regional meetings, and he has published articles on optics, clinical work, and various tests and procedures. He continues to be active with JCAHPO and ATPO, and was elected ATPO’s vice president in 2007. He will assume responsibilities as its president in 2009, and immediate past president in 2010.
About the Author
Foreword by Dinesh K. Goyal, MD
SECTION I. IMPORTANT LAWS OF OPTICS AND THEIR CLINICAL APPLICATIONS
Chapter 1: Metric System
Chapter 2: Basic Optical Math
Chapter 3: Light, Lasers, Polarization, Interference, and Fluorescence
Chapter 4: Speed of Light and Refractive Index
Chapter 5: Snell’s Law
Chapter 6: Critical Angle
Chapter 7: Total Internal Reflection
Chapter 8: Types of Lenses
Chapter 9: Reflection and Mirrors
SECTION II. IMPORTANT FORMULAE AND CONSTANTS IN OPTICS AND THEIR CLINICAL APPLICATIONS
Chapter 10: Power of Lenses
Chapter 11: Vergence Equation
Chapter 12: Multiple Lens Systems
Chapter 13: Magnification by Lenses
Chapter 14: Prisms and Dispersion
Chapter 15: Power of Mirrors
Chapter 16: Spherical Lenses
Chapter 17: Cylindrical Lenses
Chapter 18: Spherocylindrical Lenses
Chapter 19: Optical Cross
Chapter 20: Conoid of Sturm
Chapter 21: Optical System of the Human Eye
Chapter 22: Refracting Power of a Curved Surface
Chapter 23: Accommodation
Chapter 24: Refractive Errors
Chapter 25: Prentice’s Rule, Decentration, and Induced Prism
Chapter 26: Spectacle Lenses
Chapter 27: Contact Lenses
Appendix: Answers and Explanations to Review Questions