Occupational therapy is an evidence-based health care profession that uses scientifically based research to justify clinical practice. Interventions in hospitals, clinics, and community and school settings continue to evolve based on scientific evidence. These interventions are intended to prevent injury and maintain or improve client function.
Pocket Guide to Intervention in Occupational Therapy, Second Edition by Dr. Franklin Stein and Dr. Kristine Haertl is organized around the major conditions that occupational therapists encounter in their everyday practice. These include physical, psychosocial, cognitive, geriatric, and pediatric diagnoses. Intervention guidelines are outlined for the major disabilities. In addition, there are brief descriptions of the intervention techniques that therapists use and definitions of terms that are relevant to interventions.
Intervention techniques encompass the following:
- Non-medical techniques such as client health education or counseling
- Instruction in activities of daily living, modifying of environment such as in ergonomics
- Teaching and demonstrating arts and crafts as therapeutic activities
- Providing sensory stimulating activities especially for children
Pocket Guide to Intervention in Occupational Therapy, Second Edition is based on the latest scientific evidence garnered from recent research studies, meta-analyses, scoping reviews, occupational therapy textbooks and their own wide experiences as a clinician, professor and researcher.
About the Authors
Major Terms and Interventions
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
Antisocial Personality Disorder
Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)/Attention Deficit Hyperactivity
Borderline Personality Disorder
Cardiac Disease/Cardiac Dysfunction
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Cerebral Palsy (CP)
Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA)
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
Learning Disability/Specific Learning Disorder
Low Back Pain (LBP)
Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
Spinal Cord Injury
Traumatic Brain Injury
Appendix A: Ten Essential Clinical Skills for Occupational Therapists
Appendix B: Commonly Used Medical Abbreviations
Appendix C: Developmental Milestones: Birth to 5 Years
Appendix D: Orthotics and Orthoses Exoskeletal or External Devices to
Limit or Assist Motion in Joints of Body
Appendix E: Table of Muscles
Appendix F: Average Range of Motion Measurements
Appendix G: Prime Movers for Upper and Selected Lower Extremity
Appendix H: Substitutions for Muscle Contraction
Appendix I: Health Organization Web Resources
About the EditorsFranklin Stein, PhD, OTR/L, FAOTA is currently Professor Emeritus of Occupational Therapy at the University of South Dakota in Vermillion, founding editor of Annals of International Occupational Therapy, and life member of the American Psychological Association. Previously, he was the Director of the School of Medical Rehabilitation at the University of Manitoba in Winnipeg, Canada, Director of the Occupational Therapy Program at the University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, and Associate Professor, Graduate Division at Sargent College, Boston, Massachusetts. He is the first author of the textbook Clinical Research in Occupational Therapy, Fifth Edition (2013) with Martin Rice and Susan Cutler; Occupational Therapy and Ergonomics (2006) with Ingrid Soderback, Susan Cutler, and Barbara Larson; Psychosocial Occupational Therapy: A Holistic Approach, Second Edition (2002) with Susan Cutler; Pocket Guide to Treatment in Occupational Therapy (2000) with Becky Roose; and Stress Management Questionnaire (2003), plus over 50 publications in journals and books related to rehabilitation and psychosocial research. He has also presented more than 100 seminars, workshops, institutes, short courses, and research papers at national and international conferences.
Kristine Haertl, PhD, OTR/L, FAOTA is a professor in the Department of Occupational Therapy at St. Catherine University in St. Paul, Minnesota. She is an academician and practitioner in the areas of developmental disabilities, psychiatric practice, and occupational science. Dr. Haertl has been active in mental health research related to peer-supported mental health housing models and exploration of the nature and efficacy of services at a freestanding psychiatric occupational therapy clinic. Her research has led to legislative changes regarding evidenced-based mental health practice in Minnesota and has helped secure funding for the development of Fairweather housing units in Pennsylvania. In addition to full-time faculty work, Dr. Haertl has served as the chairperson of a large mental health board in Minnesota and maintains a private practice, serving persons with psychiatric disorders and developmental disabilities. She has over 50 academic publications including her book, Adults With Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities: Strategies for Occupational Therapy (2014), and over 100 presentations nationally and internationally. She has received a number of awards in areas related to fitness, occupational therapy, and mental health service.